Dysphoria vs Dysmorphia – Understanding the Differences

Dysphoria vs Dysmorphia
Category: Love Yourself
Published: August 23, 2023

Mental health is an essential aspect of overall well-being. Every person has their own unique set of mental health issues that they must confront. Two that are often confused or misinterpreted are dysphoria and dysmorphia. Dysphoria vs Dysmorphia; what are the differences? Both of these terms are associated with a sense of discomfort with one’s own body or self-image. However, dysphoria and dysmorphia are two very different experiences. In this blog post, we will define and explore the differences between dysphoria and body dysmorphia. We will also take a deeper dive into both of these terms and their differences in the later sections of this blog post.


First, let’s start with defining dysphoria. Dysphoria is defined as a sense of intense discomfort or emotional pain, often associated with a particular set of circumstances or conditions. The condition often manifests itself in terms of gender dysphoria, where a person experiences uneasiness or distress as a result of their gender identity. It can also manifest as generalized dysphoria, where a person experiences a sense of unease or discomfort in general.

Keep reading as we will take a deeper look at dysphoria. Although it’s a diagnosis named in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), it’s extremely important to understand that gender dysphoria itself is not a mental illness or mental disorder.


On the other hand, dysmorphia is characterized by a fixation on one’s own physical appearance or body image. People who suffer from dysmorphia are often preoccupied with their weight, shape, or perceived physical flaws. This preoccupation can lead to significant emotional distress and can negatively affect one’s daily life.

While both dysphoria and dysmorphia may be associated with a general discomfort with one’s body, it’s essential to understand that the root causes of each condition are different. Dysphoria is often caused by a deep sense of unease or discomfort with one’s gender identity or a particular set of circumstances. In contrast, dysmorphia is often caused by an intense preoccupation with physical appearance and a fear of being judged for perceived flaws.

It’s also important to note that while dysphoria is often associated with transgender and non-binary individuals, dysmorphia is a condition that can affect anyone, regardless of their gender. Additionally, while dysphoria may be treated through gender-affirming therapy and hormone therapy, dysmorphia may be treated through therapy, and in some cases, medication.

Brain Chain illustration

Understanding Dysphoria: Taking a Deeper Dive

Dysphoria is a feeling of emotional discomfort and uneasiness that can affect anyone at any time. It can be overwhelming, and many people struggle to cope with its intensity. But, what exactly is dysphoria? It is a sensation of unease and dissatisfaction with one’s life, often accompanied by persistent negative feelings. In medical terminology, dysphoria is used to describe a range of disorders, including gender dysphoria, body dysmorphic disorder, and more. In this article, we will try to help you understand this complex emotion better, so you can cope with it in a healthy way.

Understanding Dysphoria:

Dysphoria can be a challenging emotion to understand, especially when it comes to differentiating it from depression, anxiety, and other mental disorders. To understand dysphoria, it is essential to focus on the triggers that can lead to its onset. Some common triggers for dysphoria include stress, trauma, and grief. These emotional triggers can lead to a sense of dissatisfaction with one’s life, which can intensify the feeling of dysphoria.

Dysphoria is also associated with gender identity. Gender dysphoria is rooted in the issue and incongruence of identity, as opposed to shame. The dissonance between what feels internally true versus what is externally seen and perceived by others can create suffering and distress at the expense of one’s body is considered gender dysphoria.

Identifying Symptoms:

Identifying symptoms of dysphoria can be difficult, but a few common symptoms are present across all types of dysphoria. These symptoms include feelings of hopelessness, dissatisfaction, irritability, and restlessness. Additionally, you may struggle with insomnia, difficulty concentrating, and a general lack of energy, and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD).

Identifying these symptoms can help you seek help and support from a professional, which can help you manage your dysphoria better.

Coping with Dysphoria:

Coping with dysphoria can be challenging, but many strategies can help you manage it. One of the most effective ways to cope with dysphoria is to identify your triggers and work towards eliminating them. This can include removing stressors from your life, seeking therapy, talking to supportive friends and family members, or joining a support group. Additionally, self-care strategies such as regular exercise, healthy eating, and meditation can also help you cope with dysphoria.

Seeking Professional Help:

Dysphoria can be overwhelming, and seeking professional help is an important step in managing it effectively. A mental health professional can help you identify strategies to manage your dysphoria, provide coping skills, and support you throughout the process. Some strategies that a mental health professional may include in your treatment plan include cognitive-behavioral therapy, medication management, and regular check-ins to monitor your progress.

Taking Care of Yourself:

Taking care of yourself is essential when dealing with dysphoria. This includes practicing self-care by taking time for yourself, enjoying activities that bring you joy, and avoiding negative people and situations. Additionally, being kind to yourself and practicing self-compassion can help you manage your dysphoria. Remember to acknowledge your successes, even small ones, and treat yourself kindly, even on days when dysphoria feels overwhelming.

Dysphoria can be a complex emotion but understanding it and learning effective coping strategies can make it more manageable. Identifying your triggers, seeking professional help, and taking care of yourself can all help you manage your dysphoria. Understanding your emotions and knowing what you need to do to take care of yourself is essential when dealing with dysphoria. Remember, you are not alone in this journey, and help is available.

Understanding Body Dysmorphia: More About What It Is and How to Get Help

Dysmorphia, also known as body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), is a serious mental illness characterized by persistent and intrusive thoughts about one’s perceived flaws and defects in appearance and can make one feel like they are in the wrong body. These thoughts are often irrational and can lead to significant distress and impairment in daily functioning. Unfortunately, dysmorphia is often misunderstood and misdiagnosed, which can prevent individuals from getting the help they need. In this blog post, we will discuss the symptoms and causes of dysmorphia, as well as the available treatment options.

Symptoms of Body Dysmorphia

Symptoms of dysmorphia can include a preoccupation with one or more perceived defects or flaws in appearance, repetitive and time-consuming behaviors such as checking, comparing, and seeking reassurance about appearance, developing an eating disorder, and avoidance of social situations or activities due to embarrassment or insecurity about one’s appearance.

These symptoms must cause significant distress or impairment in functioning for at least one hour per day to meet the diagnostic criteria for the mental health disorder called body dysmorphia. It is essential to note that dysmorphia is not the same as vanity or low self-esteem, and it affects people of all ages, genders, and backgrounds.

Causes of Body Dysmorphia

The causes of dysmorphia are not fully understood, but both environmental and genetic factors play a role. Studies have found that individuals with dysmorphia often have a history of childhood trauma or emotional neglect, as well as a family history of mood and anxiety disorder. Dysmorphia is also associated with neurobiological changes in brain structure and function, particularly in the prefrontal cortex and amygdala, which are responsible for regulating emotions and decision-making.

Treatment for Body Dysmorphia

Fortunately, there are effective treatment options available for dysmorphia. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is the most commonly used approach, which focuses on identifying and challenging negative thought patterns and behaviors related to appearance. CBT can also include exposure and response prevention, which involves gradually facing feared situations related to appearance and reducing safety behaviors such as mirrors or hiding behind hair or clothing.

If one had an eating disorder due to dysmorphia, eating disorder recovery will be very helpful. Medications such as antidepressants can also be helpful in reducing obsessive and compulsive symptoms of dysmorphia, particularly if there are co-occurring mood or anxiety disorders. Mental health professionals will properly diagnose and come up with treatment for your symptoms.

Self Care

In addition to formal treatment, there are also self-help strategies that can be effective in managing dysmorphia symptoms. These can include mindfulness practices, such as meditation and deep breathing exercises, as well as physical activities such as yoga or exercise that can help reduce stress and anxiety. It can also be helpful to avoid mirrors or other triggers that may exacerbate obsessive thoughts about appearance and to engage in activities that bring joy and fulfillment beyond one’s physical appearance.

Dysmorphia can be a debilitating mental illness that can have significant effects on one’s quality of life. However, with the right knowledge and support, it is possible to manage symptoms and find relief. It is important to seek out a mental health professional who specializes in dysmorphia and to explore treatment options that are tailored to one’s unique needs and goals. With the help of effective treatment and self-care strategies, individuals with dysmorphia can learn to challenge negative thoughts and behaviors and embrace a more positive and realistic view of themselves.

Dysphoria vs Dysmorphia Explained

In conclusion, understanding the differences between dysphoria vs dysmorphia is essential. While both conditions may be associated with a sense of discomfort or unease with one’s body or self-image, the root causes of each condition are different. Dysphoria is often associated with gender identity and may be treated through gender-affirming therapy. In contrast, dysmorphia is characterized by a fixation on one’s physical appearance and may be treated through therapy and medication. By understanding and recognizing these differences, we can help to provide more effective interventions and treatments to those struggling with either condition.

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